Open Letter to Federica Mogherini

An Open Letter to Federica Mogherini and the European Imperative to Save the Iran Nuclear Deal


Ms. Federica Mogherini

High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy European Commission


1049 Brussels


We, the undersigned, thank you for your speech on 8th May 2018, pledging the European Union’s intention to remain steadfast in its commitment to the historic accord concluded between Iran and the E3/EU+3, the so-called Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Too often, politicians have inclined to patronise and admonish, but, instead, you opted for a “universal language” of respect and dialogue. You proclaimed that “[t]his deal belongs to each and every one of us”, and that it enjoins us not to “let anyone dismantle this agreement”. But despite such salutary remarks, in the aftermath of the Trump administration’s public announcement to withdraw from the JCPOA and re-impose sanctions on Iran, the survival of the agreement is far from assured.

The majority of Iranians have demonstrated their heartfelt support for this hard-won diplomatic accord. They have shown their support through their two-time election of a president promising to initiate constructive dialogue with the world, patiently awaiting the outcome of a long and arduous series of negotiations despite the debilitating impact of sanctions on their everyday lives, celebrating in the streets of major Iranian cities when the JCPOA  was successfully agreed upon, and finally, announcing their approbation of the agreement in over 100 cities across the globe in the weeks and months that followed.

In your speech you stated that “the European Union will remain committed to the continued full and effective implementation of the Nuclear Deal”. We wholeheartedly welcome this commitment, but as you are fully apprised, it is crucial that Europe is able to discharge its international obligations and ensure, despite U.S. sanctions, that Iran and its people enjoy the full economic and political dividends promised according to not only the letter, but also the spirit of the JCPOA. The IAEA has repeatedly verified Iran’s compliance and honouring of its commitments under the agreement, and this ought to be reciprocated in turn.

In an increasingly unstable global climate and ever-more precarious “age of extremes”, it is essential that one of the great diplomatic successes of the 21st century not find itself carelessly squandered. By your own estimation it took some twelve years for this agreement to be reached. If Europe in coordination with its Russian and Chinese partners prove unable to salvage the JCPOA, the likelihood of further instability in the region and even war increases exponentially.

While the JCPOA showed that diplomacy is possible, in view of recent events and President Trump’s reneging on the accord, the message to the world shouldn’t be that peace is inevitably transient and short-lived. For every one of us who is committed to fostering peace through reasonable dialogue and mutual understanding, preserving the integrity and viability of the JCPOA is of inestimable importance. Trust in the European Union, UN Security Council and wider international community is at stake, as well as their credibility to tackle many of the enormous challenges which lie ahead in the years to come.

The Iranian people backed peace and diplomacy. Now it is the responsibility of the international community to demonstrate that they made the right decision and that the promises that were made will be carried out and effectively realised. Failure is not an option. The alternative path is simply too costly, not only for the present generation, but for posterity as well.


NamePosition Affiliation
Judith ButlerMaxine Elliot Professor of Comparative LiteratureUC Berkeley
Noam ChomskyInstitute Professor & Professor of Linguistics EmeritusMIT
Cornel WestProfessor of the Practice of Public PhilosophyHarvard University
David HarveyDistinguished ProfessorThe Graduate Centre, CUNY
Charles TaylorProfessor Emeritus in PhilosophyMcGill University
Peter SingerIra W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics in the University Center for Human ValuesPrinceton University
Slavoj ŽižekInternational Director, Birkbeck Institute for the HumanitiesBirkbeck, University of London
Fredric JamesonKnut Schmidt Nielsen Professor of Comparative LiteratureDuke University
Donna J HarawayDistinguished Professor EmeritaUC, Santa Cruz
Richard FalkAlbert G. Milbank Professor of International Law EmeritusPrinceton University
Wendy BrownClass of 1936 First Professor in Political ScienceUniversity of California Berkeley
Nancy FraserHenry A. and Louise Loeb ProfessorNew School for Social Research
Talal AsadDistinguished Professor in AnthropologyThe Graduate Centre, CUNY
Ervand AbrahamianDistinguished Professor Emeritus of Iranian and Middle Eastern History and PoliticsBaruch College, CUNY
Joan Wallach ScottProfessor Emerita, School of Social ScienceInstitute for Advanced Study, Princeton NJ
Hamid DabashiHagop Kevorkian Professor of Iranian Studies and Comparative LiteratureColumbia University
Taraneh Alidoosti Iranian actress
Jacqueline RoseProfessor of Humanities and Co-director of the Birkbeck Institute for the HumanitiesBirbeck, University of London

John MearsheimerR. Wendell Harrison Distinguished Service Professor of Political ScienceUniversity of Chicago
Ilan PappéProfessor of History, Director of the European Centre for Palestine StudiesUniversity of Exeter
Mahmood MamdaniHerbert Lehman Professor of Government MESAAS, International Affairs, and AnthropologyColumbia University
Juan ColeRichard P. Mitchell Collegiate Professor of HistoryUniversity of Michigan
Abdolkarim SoroushIranian intellectual and theologian
Ali MirsepassiProfessor of Middle Eastern and Islamic Studies / Director of Iranian Studies InitiativeNYU
Asef BayatBastian Professor of Global and Transnational StudiesUniversity of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
Mohsen KadivarResearch Professor in the Department of Religious StudiesDuke University
Cumrun Vafa Donner Professor of Science Harvard University
Avi ShlaimEmeritus Professor of International RelationsSt Antony’s College, Oxford
Touraj AtabakiSenior Researcher, International Institute of Social History and Professor Emeritus and Chair of the Social History of the Middle East and Central AsiaLeiden University
Omid SafiProfessor of Asia and Middle Eastern StudiesDuke University
Gerald HorneMoores Professor of HistoryUniversity of Houston
Farid EsackProfessor in the Department of ReligionUniversity of Johannesburg
Shlomo SandProfessor EmeritusTel Aviv University
Norman FinkelsteinIndependent Scholar of Israel/Palestine
Joel BeininDonald J. McLachlan Professor of HistoryStanford University
Abdolreza KahaniIranian film director
Arshin Adib-MoghaddamProfessor in Global Thought and Comparative PhilosophiesSOAS, University of London
Homa KatouzianIran Heritage Foundation Research FellowSt Antony’s College, Oxford
Karma NabulsiAssociate Professor in Politics and International RelationsSt Edmund Hall, Oxford
Behrooz Ghamari-TabriziProfessor of History & SociologyUniversity of Illinois
Owen M. FissSterling Professor Emeritus of LawYale Law School
David PriestlandProfessor of Modern HistoryUniversity of Oxford
Shirin NeshatVisual ArtistNew York, USA
Mehrzad BoroujerdiProfessor of Political ScienceSyracuse University
Nader HashemiDirector of the Center for Middle East Studies and an Assistant Professor of Middle East and Islamic PoliticsUniversity of Denver
Trita ParsiPresident National Iranian American Council
Lord John AlderdiceDirector of the Centre for the Resolution of Intractable ConflictHarris Manchester College, Oxford
Farhad KhosrokhavarProfessor of SociologyEcole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, France
Stathis KalyvasGladstone Professor of GovernmentAll Souls College, Oxford
Ebrahim Moosa Professor of Islamic StudiesUniversity of Nortre Dame
Timothy Mitchell William B Ransford Professor of Middle Eastern, South Asian and African StudiesColumbia University
Richard Bulliet Professor Emeritus in Middle Eastern History Columbia University
Vijay PrashadPublic intellectual and author Tricontinental
Jairus BanajiProfessorial Research AssociateSOAS, University of London
Aziz RanaProfessor of LawCornell University Law School
Paul R. PillarNon-Resident Senior Fellow, Center for Security StudiesGeorgetown University
Abdel Razzaq TakritiAssociate Professor & Arab-American Educational Foundation Chair in Modern Arab HistoryUniversity of Houston
Kiumars PourahmadIranian film director
Ali Akbar MahdiLecturer in SociologyCalifornia State University, Northridge
Mohammad Jamal SamavatiIranian Musician and EthnomusicologistSheyda Ensemble
Mahmoud SadriProfessor in SociologyTexas Woman’s University
Niki AkhavanAssociate Professor, Department of Media and Communication StudiesCatholic University of America
Robert BuzzancoProfessor of HistoryUniversity of Houston
Toby C. JonesProfessor and Director, Center for Middle Eastern StudiesRutgers University
Fatima TofighiAssistant Professor & EUME fellowUniversity of Religions, Qom and Forum Transregionale Studien, Berlin
Walter ArmbrustAlbert Hourani Fellow & Associate Professor in Modern Middle Eastern StudiesSt Antony's College, Oxford
Mani HaghighiFilmmaker and Actor
Cemil AydinProfessor in the Department of History University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Ziba Mir-HosseiniProfessorial Research Associate, Centre for Islamic and Middle Eastern LawSOAS University of London
Richard TapperProfessor of AnthropologySOAS, University of London
Sajjad RizviAssociate Professor of Islamic Intellectual History and Islamic StudiesUniversity of Exeter
Nayereh TohidiProfessor of Gender and Women's Studies and Director of Middle Eastern and Islamic StudiesCalifornia State University, Northridge
Hossein KhosrojerdiArtist and Designer London
Zuzanna OlszewskaAssociate Professor in the Social Anthropology of the Middle EastUniversity of Oxford
Eskandar Sadeghi-BoroujerdiBritish Academy Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Faculty of Oriental StudiesSt Cross College, Oxford
Parviz Tanavoli
Artist and Scholar
Sheila CarapicoProfessor, Political Science and International StudiesUniversity of Richmond, Richmond, Virginia
Bashir SaadeLecturer in Religion and PoliticsUniversity of Stirling
Bijan KhajehpourAtieh International, Vienna
Carool KerstenReader in the Study of Islam & the Muslim WorldKing's College London
Christopher de BellaigueHistorian and former Iran correspondent for The Economist
Ashk Peter DahlénAssociate Professor in Iranian LanguagesUppsala University, Sweden
Farrokh NegahdarPolitical Analyst and Activist

Masoud Behnoud
Journalist and Author
Rudi MattheeJohn and Dorothy Munroe Distinguished Professor of HistoryUniversity of Delaware
Hadi JoratiExpert ConsultantLibrary of Congress
Kevan HarrisAssistant Professor in SociologyUCLA
Adnan TabatabaiCo-founder and CEO of CARPO - Center for Applied Research in Partnership with the OrientBonn, Germany
Mahmud FarjamiIndependent scholar, author and stand-up comedian
Arash EshghiLecturer in Computer ScienceHeriot-Watt University
Kaveh EhsaniAssistant Professor of International StudiesDePaul University, Chicago
Fatemeh ShamsAssistant Professor of Modern Persian LiteratureUniversity of Pennsylvania
Daryoush AshouriPublic intellectual and author
Norma Claire MoruzziAssociate Professor in Political Science & Gender StudiesUniversity of Illinois, Chicago
Sussan SiavoshiCox Professorship in Political ScienceTrinity University, San Antonio, Texas
Roham AlvandiAssociate Professor of International HistoryLondon School of Economics and Political Science
Mamak Khadem
Musician/ Mathematics Instructor
California, USA
Mohammad Ali ArdebiliProfessor of Criminal LawShahid Beheshti Law School, Tehran
Nahid SiamdoustPostdoctoral Associate & Lecturer in Iranian StudiesYale University
Mania AkbariFilm maker and Artist London
Mohammad AzadpurProfessor of PhilosophySan Francisco State University
Manoutchehr Eskandari-QajarProfessor, Department of Political Science, Director, Middle East Studies ProgramSanta Barbara City College, CA
Hossein KamalyMiddle East Institute, Columbia University
Khodadad RezakhaniAssociate Research ScholarPrinceton University
Maziar BehroozAssociate Professor in HistorySan Francisco State University
Dörthe Engelcke
Senior Research Fellow
Max Planck Institute for Comparative and International Private Law
Fereshteh AhmadiProfessor in SociologyUniversity of Gävle, Sweden
Hani KhafipourAssociate Professor of Iranian StudiesUSC
Giuseppe Acconcia
Department of Politics and International Relations
University of Padova
Danny PostelAssistant Director, Middle East and North African Studies ProgramNorthwestern University
Arzoo OsanlooAssociate Professor, Department of Law, Societies, and JusticeUniversity of Washington
Barbara SlavinDirector of the Future of Iran InitiativeThe Atlantic Council
Azam AliSinger/ComposerCalifornia, USA
Arang KeshavarzianAssociate Professor Middle Eastern StudiesNYU
Adam SabraProfessor and King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud Chair in Islamic StudiesUniversity of California
Farhad DokhaniPhD Candidate in History and Middle East StudiesHarvard University
Mazen MasriSenior Lecturer in LawCity, University of London
Rouzbeh ParsiSenior Lecturer in the Department of History and Human RightsLund University
Paola RivettiAssistant Professor, School of Law and GovernmentDublin City University
Morteza HashemiLeverhulme Early Career Fellow in Social AnthropologyUniversity of Edinburgh
Rasmus Christian EllingAssociate Professor in the Department of Cross-Cultural & Regional Studies

University of Copenhagen
Sophia MihicProfessor in Philosophy and Political ScienceNortheastern Illinois University, Chicago, IL
Nadeem RezaviProfessor of HistoryAMU, India
Edward R. ShapiroM.D. Clinical Professor of PsychiatryYale Child Study Center
Lucie RyzovaSenior Lecturer in Middle East HistoryUniversity of Birmingham
Alireza DoostdarAssistant Professor, Divinity SchoolUniversity of Chicago
Babak RahimiAssociate Professor of Communication, Culture and ReligionUC San Diego
Farhang RouhaniAssociate Professor in GeographyUniversity of Mary Washington
Hassan HakimianMBI Al Jaber Reader in Economics and Director of London Middle East InstituteSOAS, University of London
Marta Bolognani Research Affiliate, Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and CitizenshipUniversity of Bristol
Leyli BehbahaniResearch Associate at the Center for Gender StudiesSOAS, University of London
Andrew F. MarchBerggruen Fellow, Edmond J Safra Center for EthicsHarvard University
Gennaro GervasioSenior Lecturer in History and Politics of the Middle East and North AfricaRoma Tre University, Italy.
Simindokht DehghaniGallerist and translator
Ahmad SadriProfessor of SociologyLake Forest College, USA
Afshin ShahiSenior Lecturer in International Relations & Middle East PoliticsUniversity of Bradford
Otávio Luiz Vieira PintoAssistant LecturerUniversidade Estadual de Santa Catarina (UDESC)
Alan GodlasAssociate Professor in the Department of ReligionUniversity of Georgia
Alessandro CancianResearch AssociateThe Institute of Ismaili Studies, London

Pooyan Tamimi ArabAssistant Professor, Religious StudiesUtrecht University
Saeed PaivandiProfessor of SociologyUniversity of Lorraine, Nancy, France
Simon Wolfgang FuchsLecturer in Middle East and Islamic StudiesAlbert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Germany
Robert J. RiggsProfessor of World ReligionsUniversity of Bridgeport
Annabelle SrebernyEmeritus ProfessorSOAS, University of London
Milad JokarVisiting Lecturer, Middle East Geopolitics and DiplomacyNormandy Business School, France
Moisés Garduño GarcíaProfessor in International RelationsNational Autonomous University of Mexico
Sahar MaranlouLecturer in Law, School of Law and Human Rights CentreUniversity of Essex
Siavush Randjbar-DaemiLecturer in Modern Middle Eastern HistoryUniversity of St Andrews
Mohsen Sajadia Group leader in the Fritz Haber Institute Max Planck Society in Berlin
Ali Fathollah-NejadAffiliated Researcher, Center for Middle East PoliticsFreie Universität Berlin
Navid YousefianFounder and Executive Director, See You in Iran & Doctoral Candidate in Political ScienceUC, Santa Barbara
Shervin MalekzadehVisiting Assistant Professor, Department of Political ScienceWilliams College
Navid GhaffarzadeganAssistant ProfessorVirginia Tech, USA
Aaron HughesPhilip S. Bernstein Professor of Jewish StudiesUniversity of Rochester
Hussein A H OmarJunior Research Fellow in HistoryPembroke College, Oxford
Deniz Ülke ArıboğanProfessor of International RelationsIstanbul Bilgi University
Maureen SiohAssociate Professor, Department of GeographyDePaul University
Mohammad SalemyArtist, CuratorThe New Centre for Research & Practice
Sima Shakhsari Assistant Professor in Gender, Women, and Sexuality StudiesUniversity of Minnesota
Mohammad GhanoonparvarProfessor Emeritus of Persian and Comparative LiteratureThe University of Texas at Austin
Iradj SobhaniHead of Gastroentology DepartmentUnviresity Paris-Est CRETEIL
James McDougallAssociate Professor of Modern HistoryUniversity of Oxford
Tomoko Yamagishi
Professor in Cultural Theories and Iranian Studies
Meiji University, Tokyo
Ali BanuaziziProfessor of Political ScienceBoston College
Farideh Farhi Affiliate Graduate, Faculty of Political ScienceUniversity of Hawai’i at Manoa
Lior SternfeldAssistant Professor in Iranian StudiesBen Gurion University of the Negev
Hamid ZangenehProfessor of Economics Widener University
Nadia Marzoukichargée de rechercheCNRS, Paris, France
Daryoush Mohammad PoorSenior Research Associate Institute of Ismaili Studies
Elizabeth Shakman HurdProfessor in Political Science Northwestern University
Yaser MirdamadiPhD candidate in Islamic and Middle Eastern StudiesUniversity of Edinburgh, Scotland
Nasrin Rahimieh Howard Baskerville Professor of HumanitiesUniversity of California, Irvine
Mohammad Tavakoli-TarghiProfessor of History and Near and Middle Eastern CivilizationsUniversity of Toronto
Stephen Engelmann
Associate Professor of Political Science
University of Illinois, Chicago
Prashant KeshavmurthyAssociate ProfessorInstitute of Islamic Studies, McGill University
Mohammad Taghi KaroubiProfessor of International LawSOAS University
Peyman JafariLecturer in Modern HistoryUniversity of Amsterdam
Fanar HaddadSenior Research FellowMiddle East Institute, National University of Singapore
Kathryn Babayan"Associate Professor of Iranian History & Culture
University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Mojtaba MahdaviAssociate Professor of Political Science and ECMC Chair in Islamic StudiesUniversity of Alberta
Farzaneh MilaniChair of Middle Eastern and South Asian Languages and CulturesUniversity of Virginia
Nader EntessarProfessor Emeritus of Political Science and Criminal JusticeUniversity of South Alabama
Noushin Darya FramkeWriter,
Doug HenwoodProducer/Host, Behind the NewsKPFA radio
Charles E ButterworthEmeritus Professor, Department of Government & PoliticsUniversity of Maryland
Hamze Ghalebi Iran Analyst and Former Political Advisor Paris, France
Philip G. KreyenbroekProfessor Emeritus of Iranian StudiesUniversity of Goettingen
Philip GrantHonorary Fellow, College of Arts, Humanities, and Social SciencesUniversity of Edinburgh
Hossein AbadianProfessor of Iran Modern History
David YaghoubianProfessor of HistoryCSU San Bernardino
Hatsuki AishimaAssociate ProfessorNational Museum of Ethnology, Japan
Alexander JabbariAssistant Professor of Persian Language and LiteratureUniversity of Oklahoma
Stephanie Cronin Roshan Research Fellow in Modern Iranian HistorySt Antony's College, Oxford
Massoumeh TorfehIran AnalystLondon School of Economics
Jamal AbdiVP for PolicyNational Iranian American Council
Daniel BrumbergDirector Democracy and Governance ProgramGeorgetown University, Department of Government
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Ghoncheh TazminiScholar and Author
Reza Zia-EbrahimiSenior Lecturer in HistoryKing’s College London
Mansour FarhangProfessor of Political ScienceBennington College
Touraj DaryaeeMaseeh Chair in Persian Studies, Culture & HistoryUC Irvine
James M. GustafsonAssociate Professor of HistoryIndiana State University
Shahir ShahidsalessPolitical analyst and freelance journalist
Behrooz BayazPhysicist, former lecturer at the university of Marburg, Germany and former external expert of IAEAFreelance analyst
Mana KiaAssistant Professor, Middle East, South Asian and African StudiesColumbia University
Ebrahim Ahmadian Researcher in Islamic Studies, independent journalist & environmental activist
Nima ShiraziWriter, Editor, Political and Media AnalystMuftah Magazine / Citations Needed
Sasan FayazmaneshProfessor Emeritus of EconomicsCalifornia State University, Fresno
Kamiar MohaddesJaneway Fellow in EconomicsUniversity of Cambridge
Evaleila PesaranLecturer in Politics and International RelationsMurray Edwards College, University of Cambridge
Edward WastnidgeLecturer in Politics & Internatipnal StudiesOpen University
Ellie GeranmayehSenior Policy Fellow
Hamid AhmadiDirector
Amir KermaniAssistant Professor of Finance and Real EstateUC Berkeley
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Mehdi GhadyanlooArtist/ Public artist
Mehran KamravaProfessorGeorgetown University-Qatar
Farhang JahanpourDistinguished ProfessorUniversity of Isfahan

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